|Title||Foregrounding Competence in Interaction with a Person with Dementia: Co-participant Responses to Disordered Talk|
|Tag(s)||EMCA, Dementia, Competence, Alignment, Repair initiation, Correction, Trouble|
|Book title||Learning from the Talk of Persons with Dementia|
This chapter shows how co-participants can respond to disordered talk without detriment to the person with dementia (e.g., evidence of stress) particularly in ways that may facilitate competence in interaction. The conversation strategies of alignment, repair initiation, and correction—all of which occur in mundane conversation—can be put to productive use and may allow opportunity for any retained conversational competence on the part of the person with dementia to emerge. This competence can unexpectedly arise even during times of otherwise confused or disordered talk. Also noted in this chapter are examples in which trouble and displays of stress can arise in either the person with dementia or their non-impaired co-participants. Highlighted are strategies that demonstrate ways in which conversation can be conducted and facilitated while still respecting a person’s perspective, dignity, and personhood.