Weiss2018

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Weiss2018
BibType ARTICLE
Key Weiss2018
Author(s) Clarissa Weiss
Title When gaze-selected next speakers do not take the turn
Editor(s)
Tag(s) Eye-tracking, Gaze, Gaze-selection, Multi-party interaction, Multimodality, Turn-taking
Publisher
Year 2018
Language
City
Month aug
Journal Journal of Pragmatics
Volume 133
Number
Pages 28–44
URL Link
DOI 10.1016/j.pragma.2018.05.016
ISBN
Organization
Institution
School
Type
Edition
Series
Howpublished
Book title
Chapter

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Abstract

This paper discusses two phenomena of gaze-based micro-interaction in turn-taking. The two patterns illustrate the relevance of gaze for turn-taking in triadic interactions, as they show how speakers can allocate turns by their gaze. Based on the finding that a speaker can select the next speaker by gazing at her at the end of a turn (cf. Auer, 2017), the study shows how these gaze-selected next speakers can avoid taking the offered turn. I argue that the two different gaze patterns presented here have different interactional functions: a speaker who is gaze-selected by the previous speaker can either pass on the turn to a third participant by gazing at her, or she can reject the offered turn by ‘gazing away' and dissolving the mutual gaze, and thus opening up the conversational floor for the other participant to self-select. The results show that all three participants orient themselves towards gaze in the organization of turn-taking, and that gaze as a turn-allocation technique serves to achieve a turn-transition between speakers.

Notes