|Author(s)||Jan Lindstr\om, Camilla Lindholm, Catrin Norrby, Camilla Wide, Jenny Nilsson|
|Title||Imperatives in Swedish medical consultations|
|Editor(s)||Liisa Raevaara Marja-Leena Sorjonen, Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen|
|Tag(s)||EMCA, Finland Swedish, Swedish, diagnostic activity, discourse particles, interactional linguistics, medical consultations, modulated imperative turns, non-modulated imperative turns, pluricentric languages, routine actions, series of actions, Medical EMCA|
|Publisher||John Benjamins Publishing Company|
|Book title||Imperative Turns at Talk: The design of directives in action|
This chapter investigates the use of imperative-formatted directives in Swedish medical consultations. The specific focus of the chapter is the division of labor between straight, non-modulated imperative turns and imperative turns which are modulated with a discourse particle or some other verbal mitigating device. The results show that non-modulated imperative turns are embedded in diagnostic work, nominating subsequent actions in a series. Orientations to projected trajectories of action and the other participant's expectations are clearly present when modulated imperative turns are produced; they are also frequent in the opening and closing routines of the consultations. Thus, there is a link between routinized and projectable actions and the use of imperatives with a pragmatic modulating element.