|Title||Talk, voice and gestures in reported speech: toward an integrated approach|
|Tag(s)||Arabic, Conversation Analysis, discourse analysis, co-participation, embodied actions, reported speech, stance displays, multimodality, embodiment, gesture, alignment|
Drawing on Arabic data sets, this study examines reported speech in naturally occurring conversations. Building on earlier work in discourse analysis, the study demonstrates how reported speech is a multiparty social field in which much of the reporting involves not only speech but also intricate forms of voice patterns and embodied reenactments. The study argues that speakers create an integrated complex of reporting, including multimodal utterances that go beyond the stream of speech to include relevant nonlinguistic sounds and embodied gestures. Analysis also shows that participants engage in verbal and nonverbal forms of stance (evaluation) toward the reported activities. The speaker makes certain these stance displays are available to the addressees to achieve co-participation. In contrast to studies which restrict analysis to linguistic phenomena, this study approaches reported speech as a fine performance in which different kinds of semiotic resources are brought together.