|Title||The Use of Directives to Repair Embodied (Mis)Understandings in Interactions with Individuals Diagnosed with Frontotemporal Dementia|
|Tag(s)||EMCA, Medical EMCA, embodied action, repair|
|Journal||Research on Language and Social Interaction|
How do caregivers repair the faulty contributions to interaction of people with frontotemporal dementia? When the person stumbles in a course of action that needs to be completed promptly (for example, putting away a wallet, or reading out some text) then their caregivers use high-entitlement/low-contingency (HE/LC) formats (e.g., imperatives). Less-urgent activities elicit slightly mitigated formats, whereas actions that seem to be merely compulsive symptoms of the person's illness are repaired with multiple directives. Analysis shows that HE/LC directives in activity-focused contexts help by explicitly identifying the trouble source and often articulate the next action required. Additionally, HE/LC formats expect compliance, which may minimally derail the progressivity of an activity compared to more mitigated forms. HE/LC formats in these contexts reveal the entitlement that caregivers claim to determine another's actions, as well as their sensitivity to what the activity requires, and to the progression of the interaction. Data are in American English.