Difference between revisions of "Clayman-Fox2017"

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Clayman-Fox2017
BibType ARTICLE
Key Clayman-Fox2017
Author(s) Steven E. Clayman, Matthew P. Fox
Title Hardballs and softballs: Modulating adversarialness in journalistic questioning
Editor(s)
Tag(s) adversarialness, journalistic norms, news conferences, journalism, Questions, news interviews, adversarial journalism, press-state relations, Objectivity
Publisher
Year 2017
Language
City
Month
Journal Journal of Language and Politics
Volume 16
Number 1
Pages 19-39
URL
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1075/jlp.16.1.02cla
ISBN
Organization
Institution
School
Type
Edition
Series
Howpublished
Book title
Chapter

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Abstract

The design of questions in news interviews and news conferences has proven to be an illuminating window into the tenor of press-state relations. Quantitative studies have charted aggregate variations in adversarial questioning, but less is known about variations in the intensity of adversarialness within any particular question. Such variation is captured by the vernacular distinction between “hardball” versus “softball” questions. Hardballs advance an oppositional viewpoint vigorously, while softballs do so at most mildly. In this paper we investigate recurrent language practices through which journalists modulate the oppositionality of a question, thereby either hindering or facilitating response. The objective is to better understand how adversarialness is enacted in direct encounters between politicians and journalists.

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