Auer-Hoermeyer2015

From emcawiki
Revision as of 14:44, 11 July 2018 by Clair-AntoineVeyrier (talk | contribs) (Clair-AntoineVeyrier moved page Auer-Hoermeyer 2015 to Auer-Hoermeyer2015 without leaving a redirect: space)
Jump to: navigation, search
Auer-Hoermeyer2015
BibType ARTICLE
Key Auer-Hoermeyer 2015
Author(s) Peter Auer, Ina Hörmeyer
Title Achieving intersubjectivity in Augmented and Alternative Communication (AAC): Intercorporeal, embodied and disembodied practices
Editor(s)
Tag(s) EMCA, IL, Augmented Alternative Communication, intersubjectivity, intercorporeality, embodiment, multimodal conversation analysis
Publisher
Year 2015
Language
City
Month
Journal InLiSt - Interaction and Linguistic Structures
Volume 55
Number
Pages
URL Link
DOI
ISBN
Organization
Institution
School
Type
Edition
Series
Howpublished
Book title
Chapter

Download BibTex

Abstract

In this paper we investigate communication which includes the use of computer- based speech aids by people with severe cerebral palsy (Augmented and Alternative Communication, AAC). The reduced bodily capacities and the 'uncontrolled bodies' of the participants suffering from CP make bodily synchronization with their partners a considerable challenge. What is more, the electronic speech aid not only produces a disembodied language (synthetic speech), but also has a massive impact on the mutual corporeal attunement of the participants. It slows down the production of turns to such a degree that sequential structure – and hence also mutual understanding – are in danger of being destroyed, and it brings about the Augmented/Alternative Communicator's withdrawal from the ongoing focused interaction. It will be shown that these detrimental effects of AAC can lead to a breakdown in temporal, sequential and topical structure, and to interactional failure and lack of understanding. However, we will also be shown that there are ways to overcome these risks. On the one hand, the negative impact of the 'talking machine' can be minimized when the user reduces the time needed to output speech by refraining from putting together complex utterances; this strategy requires co-participants' willingness and competence to integrate the machine-produced semantic hint into a sequence of 'post-processing'. Another way of meeting the challenges and risks of a 'talking machine' is a 'moderator' who channels and controls coparticipants' activities despite the Augmented/Alternative Communicator's focus on the machine, even during the production of a complex utterance. In both ways, the machine can be 'embodied', and the interaction can – despite CP – become an 'intercorporeal' one.

Notes