ICCA2018 panel on Beginning and Ending Interaction

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ICCA Beginning & end
Type Conference
Categoryies (tags) Uncategorized
Dates 2018/07/11 - 2018/07/15
Link http://icca2018.org
Address Loughborough University, UK
Geolocation 52° 46' 9.2172", -1° 13' 28.6752"
Abstract due
Submission deadline 2017/09/30
Final version due
Notification date
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ICCA2018 panel on Beginning and Ending Interaction:


ICCA 2018 Panel title: Beginning and Ending Interaction

Panel organizer: Danielle Pillet-Shore (University of New Hampshire), danielle.pillet-shore@unh.edu

Some of the earliest conversation analytic research demonstrates that interactions do not simply begin, nor end – rather, participants actively open and close their conversational encounters (Schegloff, 1968; Schegloff & Sacks, 1973:290).

Openings (commonly referred to as “greetings” in the broadest sense of the term; e.g., Kendon & Ferber, 1973) are clearly critical to daily social life: when people open an interaction, they (re)constitute their social relationship (Pillet-Shore, 2008; 2012; Schegloff, 1986). Openings are a locus for important interactional work, including marking interpersonal access, presence validation and threat denial (Youssouf, Grimshaw & Bird, 1976), and establishing the nature of the encounter and its organization (e.g., what will be done and/or talked about, in what order). Correlatively, closings (also referred to as “partings”, “leave-takings”, “farewells”, “goodbyes”, “endings”, and “departures”) constitute a “supportive ritual” that “brings the encounter to an unambiguous close, sums up the consequence of the encounter for the relationship, and bolsters the relationship for the anticipated period of no contact” (Goffman, 1971:79).

Given the importance of examining the multimodal details of how people begin and end their encounters (cf. LeBaron & Jones, 2002; Mondada, 2009; Pillet-Shore, 2008; 2012), it is understandable that the majority of extant CA work examines either how participants open or close their interactions. But this panel unites these separate lines of research with the aim of generating discussion about points of possible convergence (e.g., how parties use reciprocally-related actions/practices to constitute openings and closings), following Goffman’s suggestion that “greetings and farewells provide ritual brackets around a spate of joint activity – punctuation marks as it were—and ought therefore to be considered together” (Goffman, 1971:79).

This panel welcomes contributions examining how participants to naturally occurring social interaction – be it casual or institutional, face-to-face or mediated – use multimodal resources – including talk, prosody, and embodiment – to collaboratively open and/or close their encounters.


Goffman, E. (1971). Supportive interchanges. Pp.62-94 in Relations in public: Microstudies of the public order. New York: Harper & Row.

Kendon, A. & Ferber, A. (1973). A description of some human greetings. Pp. 591-668 in R.P. Michael & R.P.J.H. Crook, (Eds.), Comparative Behaviour and Ecology of Primates. London: Academic Press.

LeBaron C.D. & Jones, S.E. (2002). Closing up closings: Showing the relevance of the social and material surround to the completion of interaction. Journal of Communication, 52(3), 542-565.

Mondada, L. (2009). Emergent focused interactions in public space: A systematic analysis of the multimodal achievement of a common interactional space. Journal of Pragmatics, 41(10), 1977-1997.

Pillet-Shore, D. (2008). Coming together: Creating and maintaining social relationships through the openings of face-to-face interactions. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles.

Pillet-Shore, D. (2012). Greeting: Displaying stance through prosodic recipient design. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 45(4), 375-398.

Schegloff, E.A. (1968). Sequencing in conversational openings. American Anthropologist, 70, 1075-1095.

Schegloff, E.A. (1986). The routine as achievement. Human Studies, 9, 111-151.

Schegloff, E.A. & Sacks, H. (1973). Opening up closings. Semiotica, 8(4), 289-327.

Youssouf, I.A., Grimshaw, A.D. & Bird, C.S. (1976). Greetings in the desert. American Ethnologist, 3, 797-824.