|Author(s)||Christopher N. Candlin, Jonathan Chrichton, Stephen H. Moore|
|Title||Why that now?|
|Tag(s)||EMCA, Action, Ethnomethodology, Organizations|
|Book title||Exploring Discourse in Context and in Action|
This chapter deals with the key question ‘Why that now?’, and in doing so examines the notion of ‘talk in action’. It focuses on the micro analysis of discourse, and issues of sequence and membership; and processes of contextualising and localising inquiry. It draws upon the work of Garfinkel, Sacks, Schegloff and Heritage, and the methodological concerns of ethnomethodology and conversation analysis (CA). How members of particular groupings ‘do things’ and how ethnomethodologists account for that is discussed, as is the notion of human interaction as a foundation for CA. Intentionality and interactivity are also discussed. Various CA concepts (the ‘micro-level systematics’) are introduced and exemplified, including openings, closings and overall organisation of talk; topic management; turn-taking; adjacency pairs; preference organisation; feedback markers; and repairs and clarifications.