Antaki2016a

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Antaki2016a
BibType ARTICLE
Key Antaki2016a
Author(s) Charles Antaki, Rebecca J. Crompton, Chris Walton, W.M.L. Finlay
Title How adults with a profound intellectual disability engage others in interaction
Editor(s)
Tag(s) EMCA, disability, openings, impairment, residential homes, conversation, interaction, initiation
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Year 2016
Language
City
Month oct
Journal Sociology of Health \& Illness
Volume 39
Number 4
Pages 581–598
URL Link
DOI 10.1111/1467-9566.12500
ISBN
Organization
Institution
School
Type
Edition
Series
Howpublished
Book title
Chapter

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Abstract

Using video records of everyday life in a residential home, we report on what interactional practices are used by people with severe and profound intellectual disabilities to initiate encounters. There were very few initiations, and all presented difficulties to the interlocutor; one (which we call blank recipiency) gave the interlocutor virtually no information at all on which to base a response. Only when the initiation was of a new phase in an interaction already under way (for example, the initiation of an alternative trajectory of a proposed physical move) was it likely to be successfully sustained. We show how interlocutors (support staff; the recording researcher) responded to initiations verbally, as if to neurotypical speakers - but inappropriately for people unable to comprehend, or to produce well-fitted next turns. This mis-reliance on ordinary speakers' conversational practices was one factor that contributed to residents abandoning the interaction in almost all cases. We discuss the dilemma confronting care workers.

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